As of the end of 2010, there were 25,518 inmates in the state Department of Corrections prison system, 25 percent of whom were being held on drug charges or convictions. Inmates convicted of violent offenses made up 52 percent of the population, with nonviolent offenders making up the remaining population with 23 percent. It’s also interesting to note that 72 percent of the population has been incarcerated with mandatory sentences.
Accordingly, 22 percent of inmates are being held in a maximum-security facility, with 35 percent in a medium-security facility, and 27 percent in a minimum-security institution. Community-based facilities held most of the remaining inmates in custody. Few inmates have terms longer than 10 years, with 46 percent of those in custody being sentenced to 5 years or less. Those serving life in prison make up about 5 percent of the population.
When it comes to the race of the inmates, 61.5 percent are black, 21 percent are white, and 17 percent are Hispanic.