New Jersey had 9,071 farms in 2012, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, accounting for over 715,000 acres. (2012 is the most recent year of the national agricultural census.)
That may sound like a lot, but the vast majority of these farms are either retired (27.1 percent); have owners who have primary occupations other than farming (38.1 percent); or earn less than $150,000 a year (21.5 percent).
There are 280 farms with sales between $150,000 and $350,00 a year, 328 farms that are classified as “midsized family farms” with sales between $350,000 and $1 million; and 208 farms that are considered large-scale family farms, meaning they have sales of more than $1 million a year.
There are 18 very-large-scale family farms with more than $5 million a year in sales that each have an average of 1,477 acres. These farms produce $11 billion in market value every year. The other 190 large-scale family farms produce $1.7 billion in market value
Additionally, there are 332 nonfamily farms spanning 53,772 acres that produce $361 million in market value a year.